Cain's 2000, 86 discussion of ethnocentrism and the 'interactive' character of globalisation provides an important framework for developing a reflexive, transnational criminology of harm production. Bailey and Dammert detail the wide variation in police tactics and efforts by individual nations to assess their effectiveness and ethical accountability. Chile's aquaculture is not relieving wild fisheries or satisfying food demands of the lower income population, in the country or elsewhere. Formulaic criminal responses follow which overlook important intersections of agency, identity, culture and politics. Pino Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, 258pp. With original contributions from ten eminent economists, Globalization: What's New cuts through the confusion and rhetoric to offer straightforward, incisive analysis of globalization and its future.
The data were examined to reveal respondents' perceptions concerning the nature and consequences of police deviance as well as its solutions. In this respect, the chapter illustrates how a researcher's direct immersion in an active policy node can create unique opportunities for this individual to move beyond ex post facto critiques of ethnocentrism and the structural inequalities associated with international police development assistance programmes Ellison and Pino, 2012; Ryan, 2011 by addressing these issues on a continuous basis as a participant. For ten years his basically touch with the skin global has been a tv set and the voice of his jailers. Globalization affects how giant corporations and small firms alike go about their business; how politicians and bureaucrats build and rebuild coalitions and generate public policies; how people work and get paid; how consumers decide what to buy, or whether they have the resources to participate in consumer society at all; and how people in general get to know and understand a rapidly changing world. Societies emerging from ethno-political and inter-communal conflict face a range of complex problems that stem directly from the recent lived experience of bloodshed and injury, militarisation, securitisation and segregation.
The promotion of security in an era of globalization does not have to be authoritarian and abusive, and democratic states can make security a 'thick public good' Loader and Walker 2007a: 4. This map facilitates the observation of the police as a technology of power and as a projector of power in post conflict societies. Using power as a conceptual framework allows us to not only assume consciousness of ontological biases when we speak of exporting models in tandem with 'local' ownership, but also makes us aware of the non-hegemonic discourses that arise from deploying such concepts. It also bridges the gap between research and practice, with an editor and contributors who bring a wealth of practical experience to their analyses. Perceptions of the police, and the opinions of rank and file members are examined and an assessment is made of the various alternative models of policing, such as community policing and local control. He is the co-author with Jim Smyth of The Crowned Harp: Policing Northern Ireland. In other words, the more liberal the polity, the more effective is its economy in responding to globalization.
Neoliberal Globalisation, Insecurity, and Police Reform 2. Conclusion Bibliography Index Series Title: Responsibility: Graham Ellison, Nathan Pino. The authors present seven country case studies based on this theoretical and conceptual approach and assess the prospects for successful police reform in a global context. While we acknowledge that neoliberalism and modernization accorded different roles to the state and the market we nevertheless suggest that they share some common assumptions. The authors present seven country case studies based on this theoretical approach Afghanistan, Brazil, Iraq, Northern Ireland, South Africa, Trinidad and Tobago, and Turkey and assess the prospects for successful police reform in a global context. Public Security and Police Reform in the Americas examines the problems of security and how they are addressed in Latin America and the United States. What are the motives of donor and recipient nations, and can the norms of global civil society be cultivated in order to promote human rights, democratic governance, and fair and accountable policing? However, under the influence of globalization, developing societies have become a focal point of scholarly interest and examination.
In this article, we present three case studies of policing innovation and experimentation from Timor-Leste, Solomon Islands and Bougainville, respectively, set in the context of the recent and very different post-conflict interventions in each place. Using in-depth interview data, the current study adds to this small body of research by describing the impact of police deviance on community relations in Trinidad and Tobago. Author: Graham Ellison; Nathan Pino Publisher: Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan, 2012. What are the motives of donor and recipient nations, and can the norms of global civil society be cultivated in order to promote human rights, democratic governance, and fair and accountable policing? The Crowned Harp provides a detailed analysis of policing in Northern Ireland. Global Crime and Justice is suitable for use in criminology and criminal justice departments, as well as in political science, international relations, and global studies programs. In Chile, this turnaround occurred in 2014, concurrently with the lowest industrial landings registered since the 1960s 1,227,359 tons. The article concludes with an outline to assist the analysis of the conceptual-contextual gap in police reform interventions and outcomes in post conflict societies through power optics.
To be successful in this capacity, the researcher as a cultural and contextual outsider must accept the limits of their expertise and exercise modesty in their interactions with local stakeholders so as not to undermine their power. The Contextual Limits of Police Reform 12. The book is divided into five sections covering: Theoretical and analytical perspectives on police corruption and police reforms, including the role of the rule of law and training as a reform tool Case studies on African societies Case studies on societies in Asia and the Pacific Case studies on societies in Latin America and the Caribbean A concluding chapter containing thorough summaries of all other chapters for quick scanning and reference Police Corruption and Police Reforms in Developing Societies is a significant contribution to shifting attention from the dominance of developed societies in the literature on police corruption and police reforms. In short, what we are pointing to is the centrality of larger development questions to police reform endeavours discussed in Chapter 3. Thus, Held and McGrew 2003: 1 provide a more inclusive definition of globalization: Globalisation, simply put, denotes the expanding scale, growing magnitude, speeding up and deepening impact of transcontinental flows and patterns of social interaction.
These questions are addressed in this volume, which presents a unique examination of Western-led police reform efforts by theoretically linking neoliberal globalization, police reform and development. If the state is unable to provide basic services and security for its citizens, it may repress and abuse minority groups in order to stay in power, but because of inequalities, small arms availability, internal conflicts and related problems civil society groups and the private sector often step in to fill the vacuum which creates its own sets of problems Goldsmith 2003. It accounts for how officers from one community policing unit were able to facilitate cultural legitimation for their community policing role within their sector by linking it to established, subcultural definitions of police work. For a critical observer, almost in every aspect of this practice power looms large. Based on this assessment, ideas on what policies might be needed in order for democratic policing to be sustainably implemented will be offered. From a normative perspective, policy transfers associated with police reform in the context of transitional democracies have also been criticised for undermining the political freedoms of recipient societies Ellison and Pino, 2012; Ryan, 2011. Reading it has reminded me that reaching beyond my narrow specialism is obviously educative, enlightening and important.
Whilst Henry's spouse is stabbed to loss of life, he can pay a prostitute to provide him an alibi. Nevertheless, we will now attempt to provide some tentative answers to the four questions we posed at the beginning of the book. Donor Export and Police Development Assistance 4. Sur le terrain, ces connexions transnationales sont composées d'interactions entre les agents de police transportant et recevant de tels modèles. Can democratic forms of policing exist within undemocratic state structures? Jonathan Kellaway wishes no reminding of that at the verge of his retirement from china clay conglomerate Intercontinental Kaolins.
The authors present seven country case studies based on this theoretical and conceptual approach and assess the prospects for successful police reform in a global context. This paper critically examines how the organ trade fits into the human trafficking discourse. Although pessimistic, my conclusion was not entirely fatalistic as my participant observation illuminated the malleability of our collective habitus 3 as well as our agentive capacity as individual members of the Safer Communities project team. It suggests that although the police reform process in Northern Ireland has been moderately successful and provides a number of international best practice lessons, the overall pace of change has been hindered by difficulties of implementation and, more fundamentally, by developments in the political sphere and civil society. Post-conflict reconstruction and police reform are located in the security-development nexus where global and state power moves towards individuals. This in turn may establish a foundation for developing contextually appropriate models for locally responsive policing in developing and transitional countries. The events of September 11, 2001, combined with a pattern of increased crime and violence in the 1980s and mid-1990s in the Americas, has crystallized the need to reform government policies and police procedures to combat these threats.